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Home > Literature List > Strategies for Improving Healing of the Gastric Epithelium Using Oral Solid Dispersions Loaded with Pentacyclic Triterpene–Rich Centella Extract

Strategies for Improving Healing of the Gastric Epithelium Using Oral Solid Dispersions Loaded with Pentacyclic Triterpene–Rich Centella Extract

Journal name:AAPS PharmSciTech
Literature No.:
Literature Url: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1208/s12249-019-1488-7
Date publication:September 2019
Abstract

The pentacyclic triterpenoid compounds in Centella asiatica extract, mainly consisting of asiaticoside (AS), asiatic acid (AA), madecassoside (MS), and madecassic acid (MA), possess wound healing and anti-ulcer properties, but their low aqueous solubility and dissolution rate are disadvantageous for oral administration. In this study, pentacyclic triterpene–rich centella extract (PRE) was combined with Eudragit® EPO as a hydrophilic polymer using solvent evaporation to produce a solid dispersion (PRE-ESD). The optimum PRE/Eudragit ratio of 1:2 enhanced the solubility and dissolution of glycosides (AS > 3.5 folds, MS > 2 folds) and aglycones (AA > 65 folds and MA > 56 folds) in 0.1 N hydrochloric acid (pH 1.2). DSC, XRD, and FT-IR analysis showed that the four pentacyclic triterpenes in PRE existed in the amorphous state in the solid dispersion. Moreover, almost 100% of the compounds were released from the solid dispersion within 2 h. The effects of PRE-ESD on cell proliferation and wound healing in vitro were investigated in human gastric epithelial cell lines (AGS cells). Exposure to PRE-ESD (equivalent to PRE concentration of 10 μg/mL) promoted cell proliferation and enhanced ‘wound closure’ in the scratch assay of wound healing by 82% compared with non-treated groups. Unformulated MA and AA aglycones did not exhibit a wound healing effect. Moreover, PRE-ESD was found to accelerate wound closure compared with either AS or MS, indicating that the wound healing properties of PRE-ESD are conferred by the active compounds AS and MS that are presented in PRE.
… Standard compounds of asiaticoside (MW 959.1 g/mol), asiatic acid (MW 488.7 g/mol),madecassoside (MW 975.1 g/mol), and madecassic acid (MW 504.7 g/mol) were obtained from Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd., China …
 
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