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Home > Literature List > A two-step ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/time of flight mass spectrometry with mass defect filtering method for rapid identification of analogues from known components of different chemical structure types in Fructus Gardeniae-Fructus Forsythiae herb pair extract and in rat’s blood

A two-step ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/time of flight mass spectrometry with mass defect filtering method for rapid identification of analogues from known components of different chemical structure types in Fructus Gardeniae-Fructus Forsythiae herb pair extract and in rat’s blood

Journal name:Journal of Chromatography A
Literature No.:
Literature Url: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0021967318307039
Date publication:17 August 2019
Abstract

Fructus Gardeniae-Fructus Forsythiae herb pair is an herbal formula used extensively to treat inflammation and fever, but few systematic identification studies of the bioactive components have been reported. Herein, the unknown analogues in the first-step screening were rapidly identified from representative compounds in different structure types (geniposide as iridoid type, crocetin as crocetin type, jasminoside B as monocyclic monoterpene type, oleanolic acid as saponin type, 3-caffeoylquinic acid as organic acid type, forsythoside A as phenylethanoid type, phillyrin as lignan type and quercetin 3-rutinoside as flavonoid type) by UPLC-Q-Tof/MS combined with mass defect filtering (MDF), and further confirmed with reference standards and published literatures. Similarly, in the second step, other unknown components were rapidly discovered from the compounds identified in the first step by MDF. Using the two-step screening method, a total of 58 components were characterized in Fructus Gardeniae-Fructus Forsythiae (FG-FF) decoction. In rat’s blood, 36 compounds in extract and 16 metabolites were unambiguously or tentatively identified. Besides, we found the principal metabolites were glucuronide conjugates, with the glucuronide conjugates of caffeic acid, quercetin and kaempferol confirmed as caffeic acid 3-glucuronide, quercetin 3-glucuronide and kaempferol 3-glucuronide by reference standards, respectively. Additionally, most of them bound more strongly to human serum albumin than their respective prototypes, predicted by Molecular Docking and Simulation, indicating that they had lower blood clearance in vivo and possibly more contribution to pharmacological effects. This study developed a novel two-step screening method in addressing how to comprehensively screen components in herbal medicine by UPLC-Q-Tof/MS with MDF.

… H (PubChem CID: 131637402), forsythoside I (PubChem CID: 131637403),
betulinic acid (PubChem CID: 64971), isolariciresinol (PubChem CID: 160521)
and jasminoside B (PubChem CID: 102507168) were purchased from Biopurify