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Chemotypic variation in oshá (Ligusticum porteri) in Colorado, USA

Journal name:Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
Literature No.:
Literature Url: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S221478611830038X
Date publication:September 2018

Ligusticum porteri (oshá) is an important wild-harvested medicinal plant. Populations of this plant occur in meadows and forest understories in the subalpine and montane zones of the Rocky Mountains. We examined variation in the bioactive compounds of 44 methanolic extracts of L. porteri roots harvested from eleven populations in Colorado, USA during 2012 and 2015. Populations were found in two distinct regions of Colorado, the Front Range and Western Slope. We also classified population light environment as either meadow or understory based on the mean percent of full-sun photosynthetically active radiation above plants. We used high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to quantify variation in five secondary metabolites: Z-ligustilide, trans-ferulic acid, (Z/E)-3-butylidenephthalide, isovanillin and elemicin. Variation between sampling years was found for trans-ferulic acid, elemicin and (E)-3-butylidenephthalide. Root extracts from the Front Range had more than double the mean relative concentrations of (Z)-ligustilide than root extracts from plants on the Western Slope of Colorado. Our results demonstrate distinct chemotypes in L. porteri, and this could have therapeutic effects because (Z)-ligustilide is the major bioactive compound in this species.

… Louis, MO), (3) elemicin (Purity >98%, Combi-Blocks Sigma-Aldrich, San Diego, CA), (4)Z-ligustilide (Purity >98%, Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd, China) and (5) (E/Z)-3-butylidenephthalide (Purity >99%, SAFC Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) … 
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