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Home > Literature List > Identification and characterization of forced degradation products and stability‐indicating assay for notoginsenosidefc by using UHPLC‐Q‐TOF‐MS and UHPLC‐MS/MS: Insights into stability profile and degradation pathways

Identification and characterization of forced degradation products and stability‐indicating assay for notoginsenosidefc by using UHPLC‐Q‐TOF‐MS and UHPLC‐MS/MS: Insights into stability profile and degradation pathways

Journal name:Journal of Separation Science
Literature No.:
Literature Url: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jssc.201801295
Date publication:15 February 2019
Abstract

Notoginsenoside Fc, a protopanaxadiol‐type saponin, shows multi‐pharmacological activities. Chemical stability evaluation plays a crucial role in drug development. In this study, the forced degradation behavior of Notoginsenoside Fc was investigated under hydrolytic and oxidative conditions. A specific ultra high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time‐of‐flight mass spectrometry was developed for the separation, identification, and characterization of the degradation products of Notoginsenoside Fc. Fifty potential degradation products were formed via deglycosylation, dehydration, hydration, isomerization, side‐chain cleaving, oxidation, and superoxidation. Notoginsenoside Fc was subjected to different pH solutions, temperatures, and time periods to assess its stability. A sensitive ultra high performance liquid chromatography‐tandem mass spectrometry was developed for the quantification of Notoginsenoside Fc, notoginsenoside ST‐4, notoginsenoside Ft1, and relative quantification of notoginsenoside Ft2, 20(R)‐notoginsenoside Ft2, notoginsenoside SFt3, and notoginsenoside SFt4. The assay was linear over the concentration range (R2 > 0.997) with the lowest limit of quantification of 0.02 μg/mL for Notoginsenoside Fc, Notoginsenoside ST‐4, and Notoginsenoside Ft1. The intra‐day precision, inter‐day precision, and accuracy of the three analytes were within accepted levels. The degradation kinetics of Notoginsenoside Fc in pH 1 and 3 solutions fits to first‐ and second‐order kinetics, respectively. The degradation of Notoginsenoside Fc is pH‐, temperature‐, and time‐dependent.

Rk1 (GRk1), GRg5, ginsenoside Rh2 (GRh2), 20(R)-GRh2, PPD, 20(R)-PPD, and
GRg1 (IS) with ≥98% purity 114 were obtained from Chengdu Biopurify Co., Ltd.
(Chengdu, China). HPLC-grade formic acid, analytical-grade 115 …