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Positive allosteric modulation of native and recombinant GABAA receptors by hops prenylflavonoids

Journal name:European Journal of Pharmacology
Literature No.:
Literature Url: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0014299919301311
Date publication:5 June 2019

Hops are a major component of beer that is added during brewing. In addition to its wide range of bioactivity, it exhibits neuroactive properties as a sedative and sleeping aid. The compounds responsible for this activity are yet to be revealed and understood in terms of their pharmacological properties. Here we evaluated the potential of several hops flavonoids in modulating the GABAergic activity and assessed their selectivity to GABAA receptors subtypes. GABA-potentiating effects were measured using [3H]ethynylbicycloorthobenzoate (EBOB) radioligand binding assay in native and recombinant α1β3γ2, α2β3γ2 and α6β3δ receptors expressed in HEK293 cells. Flumazenil sensitivity of GABA-potentiating effects and [3H]Ro 15-4513 binding assay were used to examine the flavonoids binding to benzodiazepinesite. The prenylflavonoids xanthohumol (XN), isoxanthohumol (IXN) and 8-prenylnaringenin (8PN) potentiated GABA-induced displacement of [3H]EBOB binding in a concentration-dependent manner. The IC50 for this potentiation in native GABAA receptors were 29.7 µM, 11.6 µM, 7.3 µM, respectively. In recombinant receptors, the sensitivity to prenylflavonoid potentiation of GABA-induced displacement of [3H]EBOB binding followed the order α6β3δ > α2β3γ2 > α1β3γ2 with the strongest inhibition observed by 8PN in α6β3δ (IC50 = 3.6 μM). Flumazenil had no significant effect on the prenylflavonoid-induced displacement of [3H]EBOB binding and [3H]Ro 15-4513 displacement from native GABAA receptors was only detected at high micromolar concentrations (100 µM). We identified potent prenylflavonoids in hops that positively modulate GABA-induced responses in native and αβγ/δ recombinant GABAA receptors at low micromolar concentrations. These GABAergic modulatory effects were not mediated via the high-affinity benzodiazepine binding site.

… Ltd (Basel, Switzerland). The hops flavonoids catechin, quercetin, quercitrin, and rutin (Gerhäuser, 2009) were purchased from Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals (Chengdu, Sichuan, China). 2.2. Synthetic Chemistry. As a raw … 
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