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Home > Literature List > α-Tocopherol transfer protein is not required for the discrimination against γ-tocopherol in vivo but protects it from side-chain degradation in vitro

α-Tocopherol transfer protein is not required for the discrimination against γ-tocopherol in vivo but protects it from side-chain degradation in vitro

Journal name:Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Literature No.:
Literature Url: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mnfr.201300756/abstract?userIsAuthenticated=false&deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=
Date publication:13 JAN 2014

Abstract

Scope

The mechanisms underlying the preferential retention of a single compound (α-tocopherol (αT)) of the eight vitamin E compounds in the body are incompletely understood. We hypothesized that vitamin E metabolism and not the hepatic α-tocopherol transfer protein (TTP) is responsible for the discrimination against non-αT congeners.

Methods and results

TTP knockout and wild-type mice (n= 12/group) were fed equimolar concentrations of αT and γ-tocopherol (γT; 50 mg/kg diet each) alone or together with sesamin (2 g/kg diet) for 6 wk. Inhibition of vitamin E metabolism with sesamin, but not TTP knockout, increased γT tissue concentrations. TTP-expressing and TTP-free cells were incubated with equimolar concentrations of αT and γT (25 μmol/L each) with or without sesamin (2 μmol/L). The preferential degradation of γT independently of TTP expression was confirmed and a decrease in the production of the metabolite γ-carboxyethyl hydroxychromanol (CEHC) with increasing TTP expression revealed.

 Sesamin(>98% pure, CAS number 607-80-7) was from Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd.

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