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Home > Literature List > Glabridin, an isoflavan from licorice root, upregulates paraoxonase 2 expression under hyperglycemia and protects it from oxidation

Glabridin, an isoflavan from licorice root, upregulates paraoxonase 2 expression under hyperglycemia and protects it from oxidation

Journal name:Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Literature No.:
Literature Url: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mnfr.201500441/abstract
Date publication:29 OCT 2015

?Abstract

Scope

Hyperglycemia is associated with oxidative stress, which accelerates cardiovascular complications. This study investigates the potential of glabridin to regulate paraoxonase 2 (PON2) levels, in vivo, and explores the glabridin protective effect on PON2 through tryptophan-fluorescence quenching and mass spectrometry.

Methods and results

Adult mouse offspring of saturated fatty acids fed mothers, which developed hyperglycemia after exposure to a high fat diet in their adult life, had lower levels of heart PON2 mRNA and protein expression than did the control mice (64 and 26%, respectively). Glabridin supplementation significantly upregulated PON2 mRNA and protein expression in the liver (2.1-fold and 2.6-fold, respectively) and heart (2.5-fold and 1.6-fold, respectively) in these mice. In vitro studies demonstrated that the fluorescence quenching of PON2 by glabridin was a result of the formation of a glabridin–PON2 interaction. The binding constant (7.61 × 105 M?1) and the ΔG (–33.55kJ/mol) indicated that this interaction was driven by a hydrophobic force, which confers protection against CuSO4-induced PON2 oxidation.

Glabridin (purity>95%) was generously provided by the laboratory of Prof. Jacob Vaya, MIGAL-
Galilee Research Institute, Israel, or was purchased from Biopurify (China).

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