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Home > Literature List > Effect of acteoside on the re-localization and abnormal morphology of mitochondria in porcine oocytes during in vitro maturation

Effect of acteoside on the re-localization and abnormal morphology of mitochondria in porcine oocytes during in vitro maturation

Journal name:Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Literature No.:
Literature Url: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10815-016-0729-x
Date publication:July 2016

Purpose

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of acteoside, an antioxidant, on in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes to improve early parthenogenetic embryonic developmental competence.

Methods

Porcine immature oocytes (total 770) were cultured in IVM medium with acteoside at various concentrations, 0 (control), 10, 30, and 50 μM. Each group was assessed for maturation and subsequent development rates, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level (15 oocytes per group and four independent experiments performed), ultrastructure observation (15 oocytes per group), mitochondrial activity (30 oocytes per groups and three independent experiments performed), and expression patterns of apoptosis-related genes (100 expended parthenogenetic embryos per group and three independent experiment performed). Main outcome measures were the rates of IVM, blastocyst formation, ROS, mitochondria, and expression of apoptosis-related genes in oocytes treated with acteoside.

Result(s)

Addition of acteoside during IVM did not change the maturation efficiency of oocytes but improved the rate of blastocyst formation with significantly decreased ROS level. Moreover, in acteoside-treated oocytes, cytoplasmic maturation was improved with morphologically uniform distribution of mitochondria and lipid droplets in cytoplasm. Acteoside supplementation also increased the mRNA expression levels of antiapoptotic genes and reduced those of pro-apoptotic genes.

Conclusion(s)

Acteoside supplementation in IVM medium improves the oocyte quality and subsequent development of pre-implantation embryos that would eventually contribute to produce embryos with high embryonic development competence.

... Materials and methods Chemicals and reagents Acteoside was purchased from Chengdu
Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd. (China). Other chemicals and reagents used in this study were
purchased from Sigma-Aldrich Co. (USA), unless otherwise stated. ...
 

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