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Study on the therapeutic mechanisms of pseudolaric acid in mice with allergic contact dermatitis

Journal name:Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Literature No.:
Literature Url: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764516300918
Date publication:7, July 2016

Objective

To study the therapeutic mechanisms of pseudolaric acid on allergic contact dermatitis in mice.

Methods

A total of 50 BALB/C mice were selected and randomly divided into control group, model group, and treatment A, B, C groups with 10 rats in each group. ACD model was established in model group, and treatment A, B, C groups but not in control group. Model group received no treatment, but treatment A, B, C groups were treated with external application of the concentration of 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.4% of the pseudolaric acid for the lesions of ear skin. And the weight gain and the swelling degree of the mice' ear were recorded, weight of thymus and spleen were measured. Spleen suspension was prepared to test T lymphocyte and B lymphocyte levels of mice in five groups. Changes in serum IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-10 levels were tested through the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results

The weight gain of mice in model group were significant lower than those of mice in the control group and the treatment A, B, C groups (P < 0.05). Weight gain of mice in treatment A, B groups were significant lower than that of control group (P < 0.05), but the difference in weight gain between treatment C group and control group showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). The swelling degree and the weight of mice ears in model group were significant higher than those of mice in control group and treatment A, B, C groups (P < 0.05). Swelling degree and the weight of mice ears of treatment A, B, C groups were obviously higher than that of control group (P < 0.05). The swelling degree and weight of mice' ears in treatment A, B, C groups were decreased with the increase of the drug dosage, but comparison between A, B and C group showed statistically differences (P < 0.05). The thymus and spleen index of mice in model group were significant higher than those of the other four groups (P < 0.05), among the four groups, thymus and spleen index of treatment A and B group were higher than control group and treatment C group (P < 0.05). The stimulation index of T and B cells of mice in model group was significantly higher than the rest four groups (P < 0.05). The serum IFN-γ level of mice in control group and treatment A, B and C group was obviously lower than that of mice in model group (P < 0.05). The serum IFN-γ level of mice in treatment A, B and C group were decreased with the increasing of the drug dosage, and the level of C group was obviously lower than that of A and B group (P < 0.05).

Conclusion

The pseudolaric acid has anti-inflammation and immune adjustment the effects showing a remarkable therapeutic effects for the ACD mice.

... University. 2.2. Medicines and instruments. The pseudolaric acid was purchased from Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd., which was made by emulsifiable paste to the ointment of the depthness of 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.4%. ...

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