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Home > Literature List > Decursin and Decursinol Angelate Suppress Adipogenesis through Activation of β-catenin Signaling Pathway in Human Visceral Adipose-Derived Stem Cells

Decursin and Decursinol Angelate Suppress Adipogenesis through Activation of β-catenin Signaling Pathway in Human Visceral Adipose-Derived Stem Cells

Journal name:Nutrients
Literature No.:
Literature Url: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/1/13/pdf
Date publication:19 December 2019
Abstract: Visceral adiposity is closely associated with metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. Angelica gigas Nakai (AGN) has been reported to possess anti-obesity effects and higher amounts of coumarin compounds are present in AGN. However, the active compounds suppressing adipogenesis in AGN and mechanisms of action have not been investigated in adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) isolated from visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Among four coumarin compounds of AGN, decursin (D) and decursinol angelate (DA) significantly inhibited adipocyte differentiation from ASCs. D and DA downregulated CCAAT/enhancer binding protein α (C/EBPα), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (aP2), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) at both mRNA and protein levels. Next, treatment with adipogenic differentiation medium (ADM) on ASCs downregulated β-catenin expression at protein level, while addition of D and DA could restore protein expression and nuclear translocation of β-catenin suppressed by ADM. D and DA treatment on ADM treated ASCs increased inhibitory phosphorylation of Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β, thereby preventing β-catenin from degradation. Additionally, si-β-catenin transfection significantly upregulated protein expression of C/EBPα and PPARγ, alleviating the anti-adipogenic effect of D and DA on ADM treated ASCs. Overall, D and DA, active compounds from AGN, suppressed adipogenesis through activation of β-catenin signaling pathway in ASCs derived from human VAT, possibly using as natural anti-visceral adiposity agents. 

… signaling pathway. 2. Materials and Methods 2.1. Reagents D and DA were
purchased from Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd. (Chendu, China) with 98% purity.
The chemical structure of D and DA is shown in Figure 1b. ND and …