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Home > Literature List > Galangin Protects against Symptoms of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Acute Colitis by Activating Autophagy and Modulating the Gut Microbiota

Galangin Protects against Symptoms of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Acute Colitis by Activating Autophagy and Modulating the Gut Microbiota

Journal name:nutrients
Literature No.:
Literature Url: http://scholar.google.com/scholar_url?url=https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/2/347/pdf&hl=zh-CN&sa=X&d=175980666848916260&scisig=AAGBfm0bDOAfWsHFMFKnqKS80lNJMXtB3A&nossl=1&oi=scholaralrt&hist=P1l9U8wAAAAJ:6061410958341296950:AAGBfm1SMj-qIFykR7xxSgbekTZuDQdibA
Date publication:29 January 2020
Abstract: Galangin is a natural flavonoid that has been reported to provide substantial health benefits. Nevertheless, little is known about the potential effects of galangin against inflammatory bowel diseases. Here, an in vivo study was performed to investigate the preventive effects of galangin against dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced acute murine colitis, which mimics the symptoms of human ulcerative colitis (UC). Pre-treatment with galangin (15 mg/kg, p.o.) resulted in a significant decreased in the macroscopic signs of DSS-induced colitic symptoms, including a decreased disease activity index, prevention of the colon length shortening, and alleviation of the pathological changes occurring in the colon. Colonic pro-inflammatory mediators, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1 beta, and IL-6, as well as myeloperoxidase activities were decreased following galangin pre-treatment when compared with the DSS control group. Moreover, galangin pre-treatment significantly increased the expressions of autophagy-related proteins and promoted the formation of autophagosome in the colon. Galangin pre-treatment increased the diversity of the gut microbiota, and this was accompanied by increased levels of short-chain fatty acids. These observed changes could involve the modulating effects conferred by galangin in relation to some specific bacteria populations, including the recovery of Lactobacillus spp., and increased Butyricimonas spp. Overall, these results support the use of galangin in the prevention of UC. 

… 2. Materials and Methods 2.1. Chemicals Galangin (purity: ≥99%) was obtained from Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd. (Chengdu, China). Dextran sulphate sodium (molecular weight: 36,000–50,000) was purchased from MP Biomedicals (Irvine, CA, USA) … 
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