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Home > Literature List > Wogonoside inhibits inflammatory cytokine production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophage by suppressing the activation of the JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway

Wogonoside inhibits inflammatory cytokine production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophage by suppressing the activation of the JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway

Journal name:Ann Transl Med.
Literature No.:
Literature Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214906/
Date publication:2020.04.22
Abstract

Background

Mediated by innate immune cells, inflammation is an underlying presence in the pathogenesis of numerous pulmonary diseases. Macrophages play a critical role in mediating the initial response to infection in the lungs. When there is excessive activation of macrophages, hyper-production of inflammatory factors occurs, with inflammation as the ultimate result. Wogonoside, a bioactive flavonoid glycoside, has been reported to alleviate pulmonary inflammation. However, the mechanism underlying the anti-inflammatory effect of wogonoside has not yet been clarified.

Methods

The productions of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined using a Griess reagent kit and a DAF-FM DA fluorescent probe, respectively. Moreover, the mRNA levels of inflammatory factors were quantified by qPCR, and the binding ability of c-Jun to promoters of inflammatory factors was performed by ChIP assay. Western blot was employed to detect the protein expression of inflammatory factors and signaling pathway.

Results

In this study, we found that pre-treatment with wogonoside dramatically suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced increase in the protein and mRNA levels of inflammatory factors in macrophages, such as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and IL-6. Furthermore, wogonoside profoundly reduced the increase in NO and ROS production and significantly blocked phosphorylation of JNK in LPS-stimulated macrophages. As revealed by Western blot and qPCR analysis, wogonoside mediated the JNK-dependent inhibitory effect. Compared with wogonoside alone, a combination of wogonoside and JNK inhibitor SP600125 provided no extra benefit in suppressing the protein expression and mRNA levels of inflammatory factors in LPS-stimulated macrophages. Additionally, ChIP analysis demonstrated wogonoside to remarkably reduce c-Jun enrichment in COX-2, iNOS, IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 promoters.

Conclusions

Collectively, our findings showed that wogonoside notably suppresses LPS-stimulated production of inflammatory factors by repressing the activation of the JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway in macrophages. This suggests that wogonoside could serve as a promising therapeutic agent for pulmonary diseases related to macrophage inflammation.Keywords: Inflammation, macrophage, JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway, wogonoside



… therapy for pulmonary diseases. Methods. Materials. Wogonoside (Wog) was acquired from Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd. (Sichuan, China). LPS (0111:B4) was acquired from Sigma-Aldrich (Shanghai, China). Griess reagent was … 
 
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