+86-28-82633987sales@biopurify.com
Batch Structure Search
Home > Literature List > Protein cross-linking in primary cultured mouse hepatocytes by dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids: Structure–toxicity relationship

Protein cross-linking in primary cultured mouse hepatocytes by dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids: Structure–toxicity relationship

Journal name:Toxicon
Literature No.:
Literature Url: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0041010120303196
Date publication:30 October 2020
Abstract

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are natural toxins found in about 3%–5% of flowering plants. Dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids contain a double bond in 1, 2-position of the necine bases, including retronecine type PAs (RET-PAs) and their N-oxides (RET N-oxide-PAs), and otonecine type PAs (OTO-PAs), and are known for their significant hepatotoxicity. Most dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids are metabolically activated by cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes to generate active pyrroles, which further bind to proteins to form pyrrole–protein adducts (PPAs). Methods for predicting PA-induced liver injury are generally performed on in vitro models with extremely low activities of CYP450 enzymes, which is different from the situation in vivo. In this regard, primary cultured mouse hepatocytes, which showed comparable CYP450 activity with the in vivo models, were applied to illustrate the structure–toxicity relationship of 13 dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids, namely, eight RET-PAs, three RET N-oxide-PAs, and two OTO-PAs. PA-induced cytotoxicity and PA-generated PPAs were analyzed in primary mouse hepatocytes treated with different PAs. Results showed that PA-induced toxicity was correlated with the amount of PA-generated PPAs. RET-PAs and OTO-PAs were generally more toxic than RET N-oxide-PAs and generated higher amount of PPAs. PPAs were utilized to evaluate the efficiency of metabolic activation and predict the toxic potencies of dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids. The proposed model could be a new approach for toxicity evaluation and risk control of exposure to PAs.

… 2. Materials and methods. 2.1. Chemicals and reagents. Senecioninesenecionine
N-oxide
seneciphyllinemonocrotalinemonocrotaline N-oxideusaramine, and usaramine N-oxide were purchased from Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd (Sichuan, China) …