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Home > Literature List > In Vitro Bioaccessibility of Extractable Compounds from Tannat Grape Skin Possessing Health Promoting Properties with Potential to Reduce the Risk of Diabetes

In Vitro Bioaccessibility of Extractable Compounds from Tannat Grape Skin Possessing Health Promoting Properties with Potential to Reduce the Risk of Diabetes

Journal name:Foods
Literature No.:
Literature Url: http://scholar.google.com/scholar_url?url=https://www.mdpi.com/2304-8158/9/11/1575/pdf&hl=zh-CN&sa=X&d=7958548265872976917&ei=IE2gX_btBoeGmQGa0rWIBg&scisig=AAGBfm1DO0XjJHFK3JslXP1HKOos5wen7g&nossl=1&oi=scholaralrt&hist=P1l9U8wAAAAJ:6061410958341296950:AAGBfm1SMj-qIFykR7xxSgbekTZuDQdibA&html=
Date publication: 30 October 2020
Abstract: Diabetes pathogenesis encompasses oxidative stress, inflammation, insulin malfunctioning and partial or total insulin secretion impairment, which leads to a constant hyperglycemia. Polyphenols are known to possess bioactive properties, being Tannat grape skin a natural and sustainable source of these compounds. The present study aimed to find out the bioaccessibility of health-promoting molecules composing a multifunctional extract from Tannat grape skin obtained under hydro-alcoholic-acid conditions. The identification of phenolic compounds in the samples was performed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). Subsequently, the samples were in vitro digested mimicking the human oral gastrointestinal conditions and the bioactivity of the digest (antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and modulation of glucose metabolism) was assessed. Effect on glucose metabolism was estimated by measuring carbohydrases activity and the functionality of glucose transporters of small intestine cells in presence and absence of the digested extract. Flavonoids, phenolic acids and phenolic alcohols were the major phenol compounds detected in the extract. The bioaccessible compounds protected the intestinal cells and macrophages against the induced formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO). In addition, glucose transporters were inhibited by the digested extract. In conclusion, the bioaccessible compounds of the extract, including phenols, modulated key biochemical events involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes such as oxidative stress, inflammation and glucose absorption. The extract was effective under prevention with co-administration conditions supporting its potential for either reducing the risk or treating this disease.


… Tannat grape pomace was provided by Bouza wine cellar (Montevideo,
Uruguay). All the chemicals were of reagent grade. Cyanidin chloride standard
(Cyd) was from Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd. Reagents for total …
 
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