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Home > Literature List > An online dual-enzyme co-immobilized microreactor based on capillary electrophoresis for enzyme kinetics assays and screening of dual-target inhibitors against thrombin and factor Xa

An online dual-enzyme co-immobilized microreactor based on capillary electrophoresis for enzyme kinetics assays and screening of dual-target inhibitors against thrombin and factor Xa

Journal name:Journal of Chromatography A
Literature No.:
Literature Url: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021967320301357
Date publication: 5 February 2020
Abstract

In this study, an online capillary electrophoresis (CE) based dual-enzyme (thrombin and factor Xa) co-immobilized microreactor (THR-FXa IMER) was constructed for studying enzyme kinetics and screening dual-target inhibitors against THR and FXa with the aid of the polydopamine/graphene oxide (PDA/GO) coating. Based on the developed THR-FXa IMER, the Michaelis-Menten constants (Km) of THR and FXa were calculated to be 187.26 and 48.80 μM, respectively. The inhibition constants (Ki) for two known inhibitors, argatroban and rivaroxaban, on THR and FXa were determined to be 14.73 and 0.41 nM, respectively. In addition, after 30 consecutive runs, the enzymes’ activity was remained 98% of the initial immobilized activity for both THR and FXa, which shows that the constructed IMER has good stability and repeatability. Finally, the developed method was successfully applied to screen dual-target inhibitors against THR and FXa from 30 small molecular compounds. Among them, 10 compounds such as salvianolic acid C and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) have dual-enzyme inhibitory activity, and 2 compounds named saikosaponin A and oleuropein have single THR inhibitory activity, 5 compounds such as rosemary acid and salvianolic acid B have single FXa inhibitory activity. Finally, the molecular interactions between enzyme and potential inhibitors were further verified via the molecular docking, and a new compound with a theoretically good coagulation inhibition effect was designed by the scaffold hopping study. In summary, the developed THR-FXa IMER is a reliable method for screening THR and/or FXa inhibitors.

salvianolic acid B, rosemary acid, salvianolic acid C, ellagic acid, genistin, quercetin, luteolin, apigenin, catechin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), dihydroquercetin, puerarin, epicatechin gallate (ECG) and baicalein were purchased from Biopurify